The seedling of political philosophy

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The seedling of political philosophy

Literature and Terrorism In an age of terror, how does literature help us transcend our reality, lend perspective to our confusion by pulling us into the past and other cultures, and give expression to our anguish and fear through catharsis?

They survived it; so can we. In this course we will define terrorism the way the Arabs define it, as any organized violence, by an individual, group or state, legitimate or illegitimate, against a civilian population, either intentional or unintentional.

Black Water is both a personal and stylistic meditation on terror as well as an indirect indictment of the terror a powerful political leader has over an innocent civilian.

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Sometimes real life provides so much terror that the reader hides in literature for escape, seeking fantasy, happy endings, funny, harmless stories that eschew the turmoil of an unlivable situation.

No one can take too much of one thing. When New Yorkers were coughing from the smoke and toxins downtown, they did not go to the movies to see sci fi representations of Manhattan blowing up. But literature is different from film because we can choose when and how often to put the book down.

Instead of watching a naturalistic representation, we recreate the story in our minds to excite, soothe or incite us. Many of the writers we will study had personal experience of a world war, the holocaust, the Israeli checkpoints, prison for their writings or gender brutality such as clitorectomies.

Some could not write for years afterwards; others wrote on toilet paper in prison. It is significant that terrorism demands a certain amount of intelligence in order to achieve its devastating effect. I also believe that it is stultifying to repress critical reflection on difference to be politically correct.

Not only does it make us oblivious to the richness of difference, but we also lose our sense of humor. One of the most influential persons of the twentieth century was Albert Einstein, not only for his theories on relativity, but because he revolutionized the way humans perceive time and space in all domains from art and literature to atomic warfare.

No Exit is a good way to explore basic dramaturgy: In terms of content, it deals with the German occupation of France during world war II, and the Empire drawing room satirizes the stultifying life of the French bourgeoisie in contrast to the new Marxism Sartre probably misunderstood.

It is the most accessible introduction to the philosophy of existentialism, existence precedes essence, in contrast to the Cartesian saying, "I think, therefore I am. He popularized existentialism with sayings such as "I am therefore I think," "Man is nothing more than the sum of his actions," and "Hell is other people.

During the anthrax scare in the Fall ofstudents identified with the characters and situations in Camus' The Plague.

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Both works are essential to an understanding of their times, and yet they transcend their times so that they speak to us now in the darkest moments of our war on terror. The Plague introduces us to the formal elements that make a good novel, the third person narrative that clinically but compassionately describes the struggles of Dr.

Rieux to help Oran survive the plague. Unlike drama, description and narration assume paramount importance as the world transforms from before plague, to plague, to post-plague.

The seedling of political philosophy

This is also as wonderful study in character transformation as each person's true character is revealed when he is confronted with the existential dilemma of possible or imminent death.

While No Exit is a battle of individuals, The Plague charts the growth, collapse and renewal of a community through a skillful, meticulous attention to description and narration, the chief elements of novel writing.

Each culture has different expectations regarding characters, plausibility, and levels of introspection, censorship, conformity to cultural values, as well as the kinesthetic thrust of the drama.

Western dramatic structure is more linear, moving to that one big climax, while Arabic literature is recursive, with many climaxes. American literature often wants "three-dimensional" characterization and transformation while Arabic literature can sometimes go for good versus evil.

Indian writers are often more diverse, layered, even chaotic than Arabic ones. Is this because of the pluralism of their religion versus Islam's relentless monotheistic focus? Contemporary American audiences expect a higher degree of plausibility, unless dealing with science fiction.

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Yet there is much cross cultural influence. Oates' Black Water is as recursive and thematic as an Arabic poem. Martyr's Crossing is written in the same studied, skillful style as many New Yorker fiction pieces.

And most significantly, Soul Mountain combines the reflective, vast space of pre-modern China with the effects of the repressive Communist regime and then a deconstructed narrator, an I, she, he, you, who plows through these mountains with the introspection of a French postmodern writer.

Perhaps that is one reason it won the Nobel Prize. What makes cultures different? History, geography, ethnicity, language.Population & Census. Alaska Census Data. Current and historical Census data for the state, boroughs/census areas, communities, and census tracts as well as geographic information, maps, and information on other census surveys.

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What is political philosophy’s relation to moral philosophy? Does it simply form part of moral philosophy, focusing on the proper application of certain moral truths to political reality?

Or must it instead form a more autonomous discipline, drawing its bearings from. Political philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, liberty, justice and the enforcement of a legal code by authority.

It is Ethics applied to a group of people, and discusses how a society should be set up and how one should act within a society. The role of the media in shaping political opinion has changed dramatically over the past 60 years, as the populace has grown both more sophisticated and more fragmented.

Earth a billion year old planet which is still very much evolving and as continents shift and clash due to tectonic plate movement volcanos erupt and glaciers grow and recede, the Earths crust is carved in numerous and fascinating ways, leaving a trail of geological mysteries behind.

The Role of Nigeria Local Government In Rural Development. This paper is titled “the role of Local Government in rural Development in Nigeria” was undertaken to evaluate the role of .

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