Bookmark When we fail at something important to us, whether in relationships, at school, or at work, it can be very painful. These experiences can threaten the very core of who we think we are and who we want to be.
Counselling Case Study, Critique Of Counsellor Processes Adam Submitted by Adam Szmerling on 8th Dec The following article is intended as an educational resource for new counselling students and educators of various persuasions.
You may link to this article as a resource Essay self-critique share on social media, but in terms of reproducing anything herein please See our Copyright Policy. Within the context of their personal history, effective micro skill applications can encourage Essay self-critique to tell their stories in colourful and extensive detail.
Such effective implementation of micro skills facilitates the development of rapport and a positive therapeutic alliance thereby permitting clients to enrich their perspectives regarding problem and opportunity situations in their lives Egan, Three important counseling techniques will be explored, all of which have been clinically demonstrated to be efficacious in a broad range of counseling settings Egan.
The skills of active listening, empathy and sharing empathic highlights will be discussed and analysed within the framework of a counselling case study. Mary presented to counselling with a five year Essay self-critique of frustrated attempts to get her daughter to sleep consistently in her own bed.
On one hand, she had gone to extraordinary efforts to influence and sustain effective sleep patterns in her daughter. On the other, a feeling of being out of control permeated drained resourcefulness.
Her preference for externalization posed an initial challenge for the therapist as he was primarily operating from an internal locus of control.
The session commenced with proficient use of active listening skills. Active listening is a process by which the counsellor communicates verbally and non-verbally Robertson, in a manner that allows the client to feel heard and understood and have their stories and emotions validated.
It may also serve to differentiate the counseling relationship from other interpersonal relationships the client has. This distinction assists in creating counselling expectations of the client, which are important in client outcomes Duncan et al. Active listening can also facilitate problem resolution and assist the client to experience further self-integration and understanding Kensit, Pause She did well up until about two weeks ago and then completely turned around, and would not go.
This example indicates active listening through an objective acknowledgment, rather than a subjective comment by the counsellor and a pause, therein encouraging the client freedom to continue telling her story and possibly fostering increased rapport, as evidenced by the clients affirmative response.
However improper use of counselling skills can hinder the therapeutic alliance Duncan et al. An example of active listening being misused through interrupting: You trust the intensity of the relationship. You trust the intensity of your experience.
It should also be noted that since Mary presented with a loss of control over a situation, interruptions by the therapist may have reinforced her self-defeatist attitude that she needed to be compliant with external sources. In these instances, the cure can be worse than the disease Egan,and accordingly such improper use of helping skills can hinder client progress and weaken the alliance Duncan et al.
Additionally, the therapist provided advice to Mary, which may have invalidated her experience, as suggested by her tone of voice. It is widely recommended that the therapist continuously maintains congruency to enhance the value of active listening in the therapeutic alliance Duncan et al.
Another important counseling micro skill is empathy. Additionally, according to Rogers ; cited in Robertson,when counselors suspend their prejudices and personal values, it makes room for empathy to more readily unfold.
The magnitude of the evidence is nothing short of amazing.
There are few things in the field of psychology which the evidence is so strong. The evidence for the necessity, if not the sufficiency, of the therapist conditions of accurate empathy, respect, or warmth, and genuineness is incontrovertible. This point suggests that empathy may in fact be imperative, if not even the most significant factor in fostering helpful counselling relationships as it facilitates positive client outcomes and helps them to feel understood.
In the following example, the counsellor successfully demonstrates empathy, as indicated by the accurate, congruent match of the clients verbal and tonal affirmative response: It is imperative that the counsellor correct their mistakes and subsequently re-establish empathy with their client to sustain a positive alliance.
The following example shows how attempted empathy can go wrong: Therein the connection breaks. Additionally she does not continue telling her story at the length or depth as she had in the previous example of successful utilization of empathy.
As Rogers ; cited in Robertson, suggests, it is preferable that the therapist consistently demonstrate unconditional positive regard for the client, rather than give advice.Counseling Reflection Paper Clinical Mental Health Counseling Jay Hayden COUNSELING REFLECTION 2 Counseling Reflection Before this experience, the longest counseling session I had taped was only 10 minutes long.
Therefore, after discovering that we would be taping a 30 minute session, I became extremely anxious. Self Evaluation of a Presentation and Paper It is often useful to think about your speech or paper once you have presented it or turned in your assign-ment.
Unfortunately, it is difficult for most of us to know where to start in thinking about how to improve our work. This form is intended as a starting point.
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Essay self critique Rated PG for sequences of violence, some sexuality, and language Filmmakers have struggled with the definition of what it means to be a human being for decades. SPEECH sELF-EVALUATION FORM from the Speaking Center at Agnes Scott College It is often useful to think about your speech once you have videotaped yourself or.
David Sullivan’s Essay Response Sheet This response sheet gives you an overview of my reaction to your essay and the criteria I used in grading it. Each item is worth 10 points, for a total of The final score reflects the range your score fell into.
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