And what you really are is revealed in discrete moments of genuine encounter with your inner life. So if your values are nothing other than an imitation of the values the world has created to market itself, then in a moment of crisis or surprise you will find out quite shockingly how empty advertising promises really are.
Kendall, in a study of 47 children aged 9 to 13 years. The sample consisted of 27 children receiving the intervention and 20 wait-list control participants.
The intervention participants were mostly Caucasian 78 percentand 22 percent were African American. Of the 47 study participants, clinical interviewers at baseline diagnosed 30 participants with overanxious disorder 64 percent8 were diagnosed with separation anxiety disorder 17 percentand 9 were diagnosed with avoidant disorder 19 percent; characterized by an excessive avoidance of contact with unfamiliar people.
Children were excluded from the study if they had an IQ below 80, a disabling physical condition, displayed psychotic symptoms, or were currently using antianxiety medications.
After the intake interview, 60 eligible subjects were randomly assigned to either the week Coping Cat intervention or the wait-list control group. Treated subjects were randomly assigned to therapists.
After an 8-week waiting period i. Outcomes were measured after 8 weeks for the control group i.
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Outcome measures included child self-reports of anxiety, fear, depression, coping, and negative thoughts; parent reports of child behavior and child anxiety; teacher reports of child behavior; and direct behavioral observations of child anxiety by researchers. Pretreatment differences across groups were not significant.
Of the 60 initial subjects, 13 did not complete the study. Attrition analyses revealed no significant differences between study completers and dropouts. In a second study of Coping Cat, Kendall et al. The initial pool of participants with primary anxiety disorders had all been referred from community sources, and 24 children subsequently dropped out of the study.
Of the 94 children included in the final analysis, 55 were diagnosed at intake with overanxious disorder, 22 with separation anxiety disorder, and 17 with avoidant disorder. Children were excluded if they displayed psychotic symptoms, if their primary diagnosis was simple phobia, or if they were currently using antianxiety medications.
After intake, participants who met the eligibility criteria were randomly assigned to either the week Coping Cat program 60 children or the 8-week waiting list control condition 34 children. Of the study participants, 58 percent of the intervention group was male compared with 68 percent of the control group.
The majority of the sample was Caucasian 87 percent of the intervention group versus 82 percent of the control group. Groups were compared for pretreatment differences in terms of age, gender, race, and all dependant variables, and no significant differences were found between groups.
Outcomes for the treatment group were assessed posttreatment 16 weekswhile outcomes for the wait-list control group were assessed after the waiting-list period 8 weeks.Coping refers to conscious or unconscious efforts to manage internal and external demands or situations that are appraised as taxing one's personal resources.
The Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics presents state-of-the-art information and ready-to-use facts from the fields of measurement and statistics in.
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We will consider requests for permission to reproduce, modify, or translate any copyrighted publication. To help you decide which responses to select, we would like to explain what is meant by each term.
By Not at all typical of me, we do not necessarily mean that the statement would never describe you, but that it would be true of you only in rare instances.; By Not very typical of me, we mean that the statement generally would not be true of you.
Richard S. Lazarus (March 3, – November 24, ) was a psychologist who began rising to prominence in the s, when behaviorists like B. F.
Skinner held sway over psychology and explanations for human behavior were often pared down to rudimentary motives like reward and punishment.A Review of General Psychology survey, published in , ranked Lazarus as the 80th .
Manage Stress. Be Happy and Effective at Work. All of us get stressed from time to time. This page teaches 74 skills that help you change your environment to reduce stress, relax when you’re under pressure, and cope when there’s nothing you can do about the situation. We then look at a range of.