Cloning What is Cloning?
April 23, Although much has occurred in this field since this article was written inthe questions addressed by Dr. Bohlin are still timely and relevant. Is manipulating our genetic code simply a tool or does it deal with deeper issues?
Dealing with genetic engineering must be done within the context of the broader ethical and theological issues involved. In the article, Dr.
Bohlin provides an excellent summary driven from his biblical worldview perspective. What forms of genetic engineering can be done in human beings? Genetic technology harbors the potential to change the human species forever. The soon to be completed Human Genome Project will empower genetic scientists with a human biological instruction book.
The genes in all our cells contain the code for proteins that provide the structure and function to all our tissues and organs. Knowing this complete code will open new horizons for treating and perhaps curing diseases that have remained mysteries for millennia.
But along with the commendable and compassionate use of genetic technology comes the specter of both shadowy purposes and malevolent aims. Currently, there are two ways of pursuing gene transfer. One is simply to attempt to alleviate the symptoms of a genetic disease.
This entails gene therapy, attempting to transfer the normal gene into only those tissues most affected by the disease. For instance, bronchial infections are the major cause of early death for patients with cystic fibrosis CF. The lungs of CF patients produce thick mucus that provides a great growth medium for bacteria and viruses.
If the normal gene can be inserted in to the cells of the lungs, perhaps both the quality and quantity of their life can be enhanced. But this is not a complete cure and they will still pass the CF gene on to their children. In order to cure a genetic illness, the defective gene must be replaced throughout the body.
This technique has been used to add foreign genes to mice, sheep, pigs, and cows.
However, at present, no laboratory is known to be attempting this well-developed technology in humans. Princeton molecular biologist Lee Silver offers two reasons.Human-Chimpanzee Divergent Genetics - Being human, we possess a quality that is unlikely to be found in other known organisms.
Since perhaps the dawn of existence, the human psyche has strived to explain the origins of this quality and what it reveals about man’s conception. Dr. Bohlin examines human genetic engineering from treating genetic diseases to selecting the sex of an infant to creating superhumans.
In each case, he considers the benefits and the ethical issues. The issues of cloning and human genetic engineering raise significant concerns for a number of people. Generally, the concerns reflect what we presently know and have come to accept about how life is created and nurtured.
Human-Chimpanzee Divergent Genetics - Being human, we possess a quality that is unlikely to be found in other known organisms. Since perhaps the dawn of existence, the human psyche has strived to explain the origins of this quality and what it reveals about man’s conception. Human genetic engineering is a development that people are either very passionate about or opposed to completely.
This article gives a brief account on the effect of this principle on the biosphere together with several controversial issues that accompany the acceptance of this technology [ 3 ]. Free essys, homework help, flashcards, research papers, book report, term papers, history, science, politics.